Tenerife, which is the most …
The island of “eternal spring”, where millions of tourists come every year. And what else is famous for Tenerife and what trace did it leave in history? Why can I add the prefix “most”? The very first in the Canary archipelago, in Spain, in Europe and in the world.
Tenerife – the largest island of the Canary archipelago, an area of 2,034.38 km² (2057 km ²), has the longest coastline at 342 km. It is the most densely populated island of Spain – 445 people / km² (according to 2014 data).
The Teide volcano rises to a height of 3,718 meters relative to the ocean level and is the highest point of the Kingdom of Spain, as well as the Atlantic island. The Teide volcano ranks 10th in the list of the world’s highest peaks and 8th in the list of peaks located on the islands (after Mount Fuji (Japan), Mauna Kea (Hawaii, USA)). But if you take into account that Teide is an island volcano and take its height relative to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean (about 7500 meters), then it goes to the third line in the world in height and its volume.
Cueva del Viento (cave of the wind) – the largest volcanic cave in Europe and the fifth in the world. It has three tiers and its length is more than 17 km.
Anaga (Parque Rural de Anaga) The number of endemics in this natural reserve of the island is equal to the number of endemics throughout Europe. Tenerife by the way is the largest island in terms of the number of plant endemics among other islands of the Canary archipelago. In Tenerife, plant endemics are 116. Gran Canaria has about 90 of them, La Palma has 40 species, La Gomera 30, El Hierro, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura have 15 species. Part of the endemic plants grow on all and almost all islands – El Cardón, El Pino Canario, La Palmera. In total, the Canary Islands have about 500 endemic species, including the flora and fauna of the islands and coastal waters of the ocean.
Parque Nacional del Teide National Park is recognized as the most visited national park in Europe and second in the world (after Mount Fuji), and the Nuestra Señora de las Nieves Chapel (located next to the Parador de Las Cañadas del Teide) is the highest Christian church in Spain. In the national park is an observatory, where is the largest telescope in Europe – Gregor.
The first major battle in Tenerife with the island’s aborigines, named La Matanza de Acentejo (“Massacre at Asentejo”), was lost by the Spaniards. Of the 1,900 foot soldiers, 160 horsemen and 600 Guancheans from Gran Canaria, about 2000 people were killed and seriously wounded. This was the largest defeat in the history of the Spanish conquests in the Atlantic, in terms of losses suffered by Spain.
The Faro Punta de Anaga is the current and one of the oldest lighthouses in the Canary Islands (1864). In the same year, Faro Punta de Jandía was commissioned on the island of Fuerteventura. The lighthouse still retains its original Fresnel lens, which was provided by the Paris company Barbier and Fenestre. The lighthouse is located at an altitude of 247 meters above sea level, its light can be seen at a distance of almost 39 kilometers from the coast.
The oldest lighthouse of the Canary Islands, La Farola del Mar (1862), is located in the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Currently he is not active.
The Masonic Temple of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Templo Masónico de Santa Cruz de Tenerife). The temple is considered the best example of a Masonic temple in Spain, and prior to its occupation the Franco military regime was Spain’s largest masonic center. In the history of the existence of Freemasonry in Spain, only four buildings from 1868 to 1936 were originally designed as Masonic temples, of which only the temple in Tenerife has survived to this day. The Masonic temple in Tenerife is also the last of the surviving in Europe, executed in the Egyptian style.
* Refineryís Santa Cruz de Tenerife refinery (Refinería de Santa Cruz de Tenerife)
belongs to CEPSA. It is the oldest refinery in Spain (it has been operating since 1930) and the largest in the Canary Islands. The plant supplies its products to the islands of the Canary archipelago, as well as to the countries of Africa and South America.
* Air crash at the North Tenerife Airport.
– On Sunday, December 3, 1972 at takeoff crashed Convair CV-990-30A-5 Coronado resulting in the death of 155 people. At the time of the events, it was the largest plane crash in Spain. The airliner started dispersal at 6:45 am, pulled away from the ground
– March 27, 1977 at the airport of Los Rodeos, there was the biggest air crash in the world. On the ground, two Boeing-747 collided and 583 people died. The dispatcher’s commands were misunderstood and a pilot error occurred. It happened as a result of an explosion (terrorist act) in
– On April 25, 1980, there was another plane crash involving Boeing 727-46 of the British airline Dan-Air Services, killing 146 people. This is the largest catastrophe in the history of aviation in the UK. The reason for the disaster was that the commander of the air
* The carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is considered world famous and the second most popular in the world after the carnival, held in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). The city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the twin city of Rio de Janeiro for the same reason. About one million people take part in it. Carnival in Tenerife is celebrated from the first European settlements and the first written references date back to the end of the XVIII century.
* Siam Park opened its doors to visitors on September 17, 2008 and immediately gained immense popularity among visitors.
The park currently owns the following world records:
– The longest lazy river (taking into account the rise of 8 meters).
– The largest artificial waves in the world (up to 4 meters high).
– The largest number of Thai buildings located in the water park (outside Asia).
* “The greatest treasure of Spain” in the Canary Islands – the black-faced Virgo Candelaria or La Morenita (black-faced virgin). The devotion and worship of the Maiden of Candelaria is ingrained in many countries of South and North America – Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, Brazil, as well as in other countries. In 1559 the Virgin of Kadelia was named the patroness of the Canary archipelago. On November 13, 1889, the canonical coronation and the recognition of the Virgin of Candelaria were held, as the fifth image of Spain belonging to the Theotokos.